Research reports

Research focus: Solar Jobs

Screenshot 2016-02-10 10.50.30 The Solar Foundation publishes an annual Solar Jobs Census for all 50 states. The 2015 Solar Jobs Census for Arizona was developed in partnership with EPIC, and provides detailed information about solar jobs, where they are located, and who works in them.

The Census found that Arizona boasts the 7th largest solar workforce in the country. However, it also found that between 2014 and 2015, there has been a 24.5% reduction in the solar workforce in Arizona. Click here for the full report.





Research focus: Utility-scale solar developments and policy

Screenshot 2015-12-16 09.12.15In the wake of the Clean Power Plan, EPIC and the Sonoran Institute issued this Build-out Study on utility-scale solar developments in the pipeline at the end of 2015. These are projects

1. that are fully permitted

2. with planning or permits likely to be concluded by the end of 2017, or

3. are located in areas already identified as suitable for large-scale solar installations).

In addition to this survey, the report identifies existing policies that supported these installments and recommends future policies to continue the clean energy trajectory.





Research focus: Statewide energy data and planning

Facts, figures, and plans for Arizona's energy future.

Click on the image to download EmPOWER Arizona.

Arizona's MEP coverLeisa Brug Weir, currently EPIC Director of Special Projects, oversaw the creation of the state's energy plan, EmPOWER Arizona, when she was Governor Brewer's Energy Policy Advisor and Director of the Governor's Office of Energy Policy. EPIC provided research and stakeholder engagement support during the development process.











Research focus: Policy and program ideas for all levels of government

Interested in learning 46 policy and program ideas to maximize the resource of energy efficiency here in Arizona? EPIC contributed to the ASU Global Institute of Sustainability's Energy Efficiency Idea Guide.

(Click on the image on the left to download or go to

Introduction from The goal of this Energy Efficiency Idea Guide is to provide policymakers and stakeholders a quick-read of forty-six ideas for potential policies, programs and initiatives that can increase the adoption of energy efficiency in the built environment in Arizona. It is intended to spark the beginning of conversations between stakeholders, not to be the definitive resource with all the answers set in stone. It is being updated online and supplemented with more in-depth briefs covering some of the challenges and solutions to the complexities that inevitably arise in taking an idea through to implementation.





Research focus: Local strategic policy-making

A strategic energy plan for your city or town can help boost the local economy and public health outcomes. To learn more about energy plans for cities and towns, download Developing a city energy policy through a General Plan update or a Strategic Energy Plan_2013. Originally completed for the City of Tempe. Applicable to any Arizona city or town.

Executive summary: Setting clean energy policies with measurable goals within the City of Tempe’s General Plan or in a strategic plan focused solely on clean energy can significantly strengthen the City’s resiliency in case of natural or man-made disasters, support local jobs and help residents and businesses to lower their electricity bills. The cities of New York, NY, San Jose, CA, and Irvine, CA have each articulated their clean energy policies and measurable goals in the General Plan and/or in a Strategic Energy Plan, and have successfully achieved tangible progress since developing and adopting these Plans. This report provides examples of proven policies and programs that the City of Tempe might be interested in adopting within the 2040 General Plan update, within a separate Strategic Energy Plan, or on an individual program basis. Section I explains the importance of developing strong energy policies at the municipal level. Section II reviews policies articulated in Tempe’s current iteration of its General Plan that can be further developed via strong clean energy policy. Sections III and IV summarize New York, San Jose, and Irvine’s ambitious energy goals as outlined in their General Plans and/or Strategic Energy Plans, to inform the City of Tempe as it develops its energy policies. Section V provides examples of innovative, successful programs that the City of Tempe might use to advance its energy policies and meet its goals.


Research focus: Solar rooftop installations and Renewable Portfolio Standards

If you have a solar rooftop installation on your home or business, your solar installation is actually producing two separate products, electricity and Renewable Energy Credits (RECs). Who owns the RECs (you or the utility, which uses them to meet renewable energy standards) depends on what state you live in.  EPIC presented its State Survey of Renewable Energy Credits (REC) Ownership Policies for a workshop in May 2013, held by the Residential Utility Consumer Office (RUCO).

(Click on the map to the left to enlarge.)






Research focus: Utility rates for low-income consumers 

Long-term electric and gas utility bill assistance programs that are available to low-income households vary widely from state to state and utility to utility. In many places, bill assistance is generally a flat rate or percentage of a consumer's income. This report surveys most state & large utilities' long-term electricity and gas bill assistance programs in the U.S. Download the report here: National Survey of Bill Assistance Programs for Low-Income Consumers.


Arizona Energy Policy Year in Review: 2014

EPIC Year in Review 2014














Arizona's Energy Policy Year in Review: 2013

EPIC Year in Review 2013